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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Silver beaker


Phoenician silver beaker


Height: 4.870 inches
Diameter: 3.750 inches

Excavated by M.E.L. Mallowan
Purchased from the British School of Archaeology in Iraq (1959)

ME 132698


Each campaigning season the Assyrian army gathered at the palace and military complex at Nimrud, known today as Fort Shalmaneser. Mallowan and his team discovered large quantities of ash and burnt debris there, resulting from the destruction of Nimrud at the end of the seventh century BC. They found several small objects and a considerable quantity of pottery among the remains in the living quarters. These are typical of the small personal possessions lost by their owners before the palace was finally abandoned. Fortunately two trophies, this beautiful silver beaker and a silver bowl decorated with lion's heads (now in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad) were hidden in a small pit beneath the floor, and escaped looters. The weight of the soil has, however, crushed the beaker.

The beaker has two bands of gold leaf overlaying incised geometric and floral decoration on the neck and another at the base. The button or 'nipple' base also forms the centre of a rosette, the petals of which are also covered with gold leaf.

On display: Room 55: Mesopotamia