Explore / Online Tours
The myth of the Trojan war
Achilles slays Penthesilea
The Iliad closes with the return of Hector's corpse to his father Priam, king of Troy, and the Trojans' lamentation over the body of their champion.
However, the Trojans were cheered soon afterwards when Penthesilea, queen of the Amazons, brought her brave warrior women to fight on the side of the city. After wreaking much havoc among the Greeks, Penthesilea came face to face with Achilles. Here she met her match.
The vase shows Achilles thrusting his spear into the neck of the Amazon whose ambiguous pose - half fleeing, half falling - cleverly conveys the essence of her predicament. Penthesilea looks up at Achilles, brandishing her spear ineffectually. His eyes meet hers as he delivers the fatal blow.
There was a tradition that just at this critical moment Achilles fell in love with the courageous Amazon. Perhaps that is what the vase-painter is suggesting here.