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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Jewellery for the Afterlife


© Photographic imagery courtesy of SGI

Hands wearing rings


After Nesperennub's corpse was preserved and packed, it was decorated with pieces of jewellery and other items. Beneath the outer linen wrappings, narrow bands of material, sometimes known as stolae, pass over Nesperennub's shoulders and cross on his chest. At the lower ends are tabs. These are usually made of leather and dyed red and they are commonly found on mummies of the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Dynasties (about 945-715 BC).

A second pair of tabs is visible at the sides of Nesperennub's neck, and these may be counterparts with the ones on his chest. He was also equipped with two other leather pendants of different forms. These can be seen clearly lying on the chest close to the straps. They often bear embossed inscriptions naming the king who reigned at the time of the mummy's burial, although 3D imaging is not yet sensitive enough to reveal whether Nesperennub's are inscribed.

The scans show that Nesperennub wears rings on the fingers of both hands. They are probably made of metal, perhaps even gold. Rings are often discovered on mummies: many were found on the body of Tutankhamun, both on his fingers and in groups within the wrappings. Nesperennub probably wore rings in life, but the ones he wore in death may well carry inscriptions which would help to promote his well-being in the Afterlife.