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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Gods


White marble sculpture of the

Stone staue of Krishna


Asia OA 1872.7-1.131


Interest in the gods and myths of other cultures expanded rapidly during the Enlightenment. The translation of religious texts from Asia and the decipherment of hieroglyphs revealed the religious worlds of India, East Asia, and Egypt to British readers for the first time. Travellers and researchers also brought new information from the Americas, Africa, and the Pacific.

They classified the gods into pantheons, extended divine families, and identified their specific areas of responsibility. The quest was on for universal themes underlying the diversity of human religion, and for its ultimate source. Egypt and India were many people's preferred options.

Writers on religion drew parallels between gods and rituals from different cultures, and especially with the familiar worlds of Greece and Rome. Supposed similarities between the religious imageries of far distant cultures were often used to derive one mythological tradition from another.

On display: Enlightenment: Religion