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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Skull and lower jaw of an ichthyosaur


Skull & jaw of an ichthyosaur

© 2003 The Natural History Museum


Height: 80.000 cm
Width: 40.000 cm
Depth: 45.000 cm

Purchased by the British Museum in 1821

On loan from the Natural History Museum R808


To hear an audio description of this object, written especially for blind and partially sighted visitors, follow this link: Audio description (2m 34s) (mp3 format, 1.76 MB). To download, right click and 'save target as' (PC) or hold down 'Control' key and click, and select 'Download Link to Disc' (Mac).

This large skull was collected by Mary Anning (1799-1847), one of the most famous fossil finders of her day. It is part of the skull and lower jaw of an ichthyosaur (Ichthyosaurus platyodon).

Mary Anning's family had earned a living for years by gathering fossils on the shore at Lyme Regis in Dorset to sell to collectors. Mary learned about the fossils from her parents, Richard and Mary (‘Molly') Anning, although there is a story that her flair resulted from being struck by lightning when she was one year old. This apparently changed her from a 'dull' to a 'lively' child.

Despite the lack of a formal education, Mary Anning became an expert on the fossils she found, and the most eminent geologists of the day often sought her advice. In the 1820s she became the first person in Britain to find complete specimens of an ichthyosaur, a plesiosaur and a pterodactyl.

The specimens that Anning collected can still be found in museums throughout Britain. The British Museum purchased this example shortly after Anning discovered it.

On display: Enlightenment: Natural world