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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

The Americas


Wooden figures

Duho

Figure with canopy (front)

Figure with canopy (front)

Taino wooden figure

Taino wooden figure


Length: 69.000 cm (duho)
Width: 25.000 cm
Height: 40.000 cm (figure)
Width: 25.000 cm

AOA Ethno 9753 (duho);AOA Ethno Q77Am1 (figure)


By the beginning of the eighteenth century, South America and the Caribbean had been exploited by the Spanish for centuries, and more recently also by the British. In Central America, Maya and Aztec ruins presented tantalising glimpses of ancient civilisations. The eastern part of North America included a series of well-established British colonies fighting the French for control of Canada, and later for their own independence from Britain. Native populations were devastated by epidemics and warfare, and their culture was suppressed by Europeans.

The Enlightenment period saw an increase in the race for trade, wealth and knowledge. Two of the most energetic explorers of the late eighteenth century were Captain James Cook and the naturalist Sir Joseph Banks. Their First Voyage of 1768 was limited to the south, but further voyages established important new contacts in the north.