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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Plaquettes illustrating scenes from the life of Christ

Plaquettes illustrating scenes

The Betrayal

The Betrayal

Length: 11.800 cm (lead)
Length: 11.800 cm (lead)
Width: 10.000 cm

M&ME SL 299.d;M&ME 1925.10-6.2

The lead plaques record a set of designs illustrating Christ's Passion that Valerio Belli (about 1468-1546) made in rock crystal between 1533 and 1539. They were intended to decorate candlesticks, caskets and other altar furniture owned by Pope Paul III. The original rock crystal intaglios with these compositions, signed by Belli, survive. They probably decorated the base of a candlestick or the lid of a casket, which explains the shape of the lead copies.

The plaques were among a number of lead reliefs owned by Sir Hans Sloane. Signed pieces by Belli were known and admired in the eighteenth century and were copied and studied by scholars throughout Europe. Belli's rendering of Christian iconography in a classical style was particularly admired during the classical revival of the eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Engravings of Belli's designs were reproduced in two books on Italian art history. The designs were also copied in lead or in wax with gold foil on onyx or glass (see Other Views).

On display: Enlightenment: Art