20th century

In modern times, landscapes remain an important part of Chinese painting. In this hanging scroll the tops of the mountains are painted in ink wash with rather wild spirals of brushwork winding in towards the centre. This shows Fu Baoshi's interest in an earlier seventeenth-century individualist painter called Shitao, who also painted rocks like this. Fu Baoshi liked Shitao so much that he changed his name to Baoshi, which means 'Treasuring Shi'.

Fu Baoshi studied in Japan in the 1930s. He worked at the ceramic centre of Jingdezhen and also taught painting in Nanjing and Chongqing, where he painted this in the early 1940s.