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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Annuraaq: clothing in the Arctic

Woman's amauti of sealskin

'When I became of marriageable age, my mother gave me advice, which I wasn't too pleased to hear. She told me always to be prepared, especially with clothes that were to be worn by my husband for hunting ...'
Sarah A Haulli, 1990 

'Fur was our only clothing, so we made sure it looked its best.'
Rosie Iqallijuq, 1997

This tour features annuraaq, the traditional skin clothing of the Native peoples of the North American Arctic. Annuraaq, from which the English word 'anorak' is derived, means 'an article of clothing' in the Inuktitut language.

The tour was written to accompany the exhibition Annuraaq - Arctic Clothing from Igloolik (15 February - 27 May 2001) which focused on contemporary work by women from Igloolik in northern Canada. The exhibition was organised in collaboration with the Department of Culture, Language, Elders, and Youth of the Government of Nunavut, the Inullariit Elders' Society, Igloolik, and the Igloolik Research Centre of the Research Institute of Nunavut, who also kindly provided the quotations from Igloolik elders used in this tour.