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Iron plough coulter

 

Length: 69.500 cm

P&EE 1819.3-13.1

Room 49: Roman Britain

    Iron plough coulter

    Roman Britain, 1st-4th century AD
    From Great Witcombe, Gloucestershire

    The coulter was a technical innovation introduced to Britain by the Romans. Its function was to make a vertical cut in advance of the plough-share, which then undercut the furrow made by the coulter. This made it easier to cultivate heavy soils. Roman coulters were therefore stout knife-like iron blades with a heavy shaft by which they were secured to the plough's wooden beam.

    W.H. Manning, Catalogue of the Romano-Britis (London, The British Museum Press, 1985)

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