Iron plough coulter

Roman Britain, 1st-4th century AD
From Great Witcombe, Gloucestershire

The coulter was a technical innovation introduced to Britain by the Romans. Its function was to make a vertical cut in advance of the plough-share, which then undercut the furrow made by the coulter. This made it easier to cultivate heavy soils. Roman coulters were therefore stout knife-like iron blades with a heavy shaft by which they were secured to the plough's wooden beam.

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More information


W.H. Manning, Catalogue of the Romano-Britis (London, The British Museum Press, 1985)


Length: 69.500 cm

Museum number

P&EE 1819.3-13.1



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