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Silver gilt and garnet brooch with a runic inscription

  • Reverse

    Reverse

 

Length: 7.400 cm

Britain, Europe and Prehistory
1893,0618.32

    Silver gilt and garnet brooch with a runic inscription

    Merovingian (South German type), 6th century AD
    Sometimes (dubiously) said to be from Kent, England

    The inscription is lightly scratched in runes on the back of the brooch and rather haphazardly written, making it difficult to read all of the letters satisfactorily. However, it probably includes a personal name.

    The Germanic custom of cutting short inscriptions on the backs of brooches was quite widespread. The angular forms of the letters suggest that they were meant mainly for cutting on wood, in which case many longer messages may not have survived. In fact a number of runic letters and poems written on wood are known from the later Viking and medieval periods in Scandinavia (between around the ninth to fourteenth centuries AD), and the early ‘barbarian’ peoples of Europe may also have been more literate than is generally thought.

    S.C. Hawkes and R.I. Page, 'Swords and runes in south-east England', The Antiquaries Journal-3, 47 (1967), pp. 1-26

    J. Hines, 'Postscript: the Bateman collection Brooch' in Ergänzungsbände zum Reallexiko, 51 (Berlin, 2006), pp. 200-202

    R.W.V. Elliott, Runes, an introduction (Manchester University Press, 1989)

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