Rosary bead, carved in boxwood

The Netherlands, around AD 1500-30

This object is now on display in a new gallery on the ground floor, Room 2a: The Waddesdon Bequest.

A rosary bead (sometimes referred to as a 'prayer nut' or 'paternoster bead') is characteristic of the minutely detailed, small-scale boxwood carvings used for private devotion. These types of delicate and complex objects were owned by members of the nobility or wealthy merchant classes in northern Europe, and were highly prized as masterpieces of carving and invention. A complete rosary, bearing the arms of England and probably dating to the first third of the sixteenth century, survives in the collections of the Dukes of Devonshire.

This spherical bead is carved on the outside with Gothic architectural detail, while the interiors are carved variously with scenes from the Old Testament and the New Testament. The upper half is fitted with two doors, carved on both the inner and outer panels, which open to reveal the Crucifixion, crowded with miniscule figures in high relief. The lower half is fitted with one door, carved on both sides and opening to reveal a complex scene showing the Bearing of the Cross. The achievement of these perspectives in both low relief and in high relief attests to the great skill of the craftsman, who probably had to work using a magnifying glass.

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Rosary bead, carved in boxwood

The Annunciation

  • The Annunciation

    The Annunciation

  • Open, full view

    Open, full view

  • The Crucifixion

    The Crucifixion


More information


C.H. Read, The Waddesdon Bequest: Catalog (, 1902)


Museum number

P&E Waddesdon Bequest 236


Bequeathed by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild


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