Prints and drawings by Albrecht Durer, £9.99
Height: 35.600 cm (with cover)
Room 46: Europe 1400-1800
Covered glass goblet
Dresden, Germany, mid-18th century AD
The monogram of Augustus III (1696-1763), Elector of Saxony and King of Poland
By the end of the seventeenth century glass-makers in Northern Europe had perfected the technique of creating a clear, colourless glass, using limestone as the principal ingredient. The range of decoration could then be broadened. Applied gold leaf decoration was also used on porcelains and enamels, as the pure white body provided an excellent contrast to the gilding. This type of ornament quickly became fashionable in courtly circles, but was used only rarely, and then for special commissions, as constant use and handling would rub off the gold, which had been applied directly onto the surface.
The cover of this
goblet is ornamented with a scene of a boar and stag hunt with the
royal coat of arms, while the bowl has, on one side, the royal
monogram 'A.R.3' for Augustus III (1696-1763),
Elector of Saxony and King of Poland beneath a crown flanked by
The inscription reads: 'HORN DES HEILS. HORNS DES SEEGENS. RÜSTE / FRIEDRICH AUGUSTUN DEN DRITTEN AUS. / F. RLAS STETS BLÜHEN UND STETS WACHSEN / DAS HOHE KÖNIGLICHE CHUR HAUS ZU SACHSEN / HORN DES HEILS ... AUS'
H. Tait (ed.), Five thousand years of glass (London, The British Museum Press, 1991)
A. Dawson, 'Gold foil decoration on enamel, glass and porcelain: a new look', Burlington Magazine-2, no. 1046 (May 1990), pp. 336-42