Length: 285.750 cm
Width: 262.890 cm
The palace was excavated by A.H. Layard (1846-51) and by many later archaeologists
Room 9: Assyria: Nineveh
Stone relief from the South-West Palace of Sennacherib (Room 32)
Nineveh, northern Iraq
Neo-Assyrian, 704-681 BC
Two guardian figures
Guardian figures were traditionally used to protect Assyrian palaces and temples from evil supernatural forces. Clay figurines of guardians were often buried at points under the pavement of a room to ward off evil.
King Sennacherib (reigned 704-681 BC) added several new types of these figures to the schemes of the palaces in the earlier Assyrian capital cities, Nimrud and Khorsabad. Two of these are shown on this panel. On the right stands an empty-handed man wearing the horned headdress of a god. This may be the god 'House God', associated with frightening away the effects of witchcraft. The lion-headed, eagle-footed man holding a mace and upraised dagger is an ugallu (great lion or great storm demon).
J.M. Russell, Sennacheribs palace without ri (University of Chicago Press, 1991)
I.E.S. Edwards (ed.), The Cambridge ancient histor-3, 2 vols, 3rd ed. (Cambridge University Press, 1981)
J. Black and A. Green, Gods, demons and symbols of -1 (London, The British Museum Press, 1992)