History of the Persian Empire, £25.00
Length: 4.000 cm (max.)
Width: 3.000 cm (max.)
Thickness: 2.800 cm (max.)
Room 52: Ancient Iran
Elamite, 12th century BC
From south-west Iran
A gift from the Elamite king to his daughter
This is a pendant of pale blue chalcedony, pierced for suspension. It is carved with an inscription in Elamite which reads: 'I, Shilhak-Inshushinak, enlarger of the kingdom, this jasper from [the land of] Puralish I took. What I painstakingly made I placed here, and to Bar-Uli, my beloved daughter, I gave [it].'
The scene shows the king presenting the pendant to Bar-Uli. He has a typical Elamite hair style of a type depicted from as early as around 2000 BC.
Elam is the name given to the south-western part of Iran in antiquity. Shilhak-Inshushinak (about 1150-1120 BC) was the son of king Shutruk-Nahunte, who mounted a massive invasion of Babylonia, removed the reigning king and ransacked the country. Part of the huge booty included large stone monuments, such as the stela with Hammurabi's lawcode (now in the Musée du Louvre, Paris). Shilhak-Inshushinak left a very large number of inscriptions, which show that he retained control of much of the territory conquered by his father. Control over Babylonia, however, was relinquished.
J. Curtis, Ancient Persia-1 (London, The British Museum Press, 2000)
D. Collon, Ancient Near Eastern art (London, The British Museum Press, 1995)