Bronze shield-boss

Phoenician, 8th-7th century BC
From Amathus, Cyprus

A lion and bull combat scene

This shield boss was discovered in a tomb at Amathus in 1875. The tomb had been looted, and in its two chambers were the scattered fragments of fifteen sarcophagi. However, various objects did survive the looting; the shield boss was found in a copper cauldron along with an iron dagger and the fragments of a silver bowl, now also in the British Museum. It is decorated with a frieze showing lions in combat with bulls: a typical Near Eastern motif. The eight holes arranged in pairs drilled round the centre of the boss were for its attachment to the shield.

The very widespread use of motifs such as this shows the commercial contacts established by the Canaanites of the Levant coast (known as Phoenicians) in the first millennium BC. They grew rich by supplying luxury materials to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Iran. Their natural harbours became major ports for handling international shipping.

Find in the collection online

More information

Bibliography

L.P. di Cesnola, Cyprus: its ancient cities, to (London, John Murray, 1877)

Dimensions

Diameter: 31.000 cm (max.)

Museum number

ME 135591

WCO25033

Excavated by General Luigi Palma di Cesnola

Location

Find in the collection online



Search highlights

There are over 4,000 highlight objects to explore