Illustrated introduction to Ancient Persia, £8.99
Bronze fitting in the form of a seated figure
Elamite, about 1450-1200 BC
From south-west Iran
This bronze figure was originally fitted onto a larger object such as a piece of furniture, hence the two rivet holes for attachment through the tail-liker projection. It was obtained in south-west Iran, near the ancient town-site of Tang-e Sarvak. The form and appearance of the figure indicates that it should be dated to the fourteenth or thirteenth centuries BC. The hair style is very similar to that of terracotta figurines from Susa, of similar date.
This period, known as Middle Elamite, was a time of power and prosperity in Elam - the name given to the south-western part of Iran in antiquity. Inscriptions using cuneiform were now written in Elamite (a language that is still only partially understood and has no relatives). Elamite metalwork was particularly accomplished. The most impressive examples have been found by French archaeologists working at Susa. They include life-size figures and a model of a religious ceremony, and are now in the Musée du Louvre in Paris.
J. Curtis, Ancient Persia-1 (London, The British Museum Press, 2000)