lllustrated encyclopedia to Ancient Rome, £15.99
Height: 8.500 inches
Purchased from the Castellani Collection
GR 1873.8-20.568 (BM Cat Terracottas D55)
Greece and Rome
Tragic theatre mask made of terracotta
Roman, 1st-2nd century AD
This terracotta mask represents a female character from ancient tragedy. The smooth face and straight nose are in stark contrast to comic masks, which were often grotesquely distorted. Only the arched brows betray the heroine's emotion. The calm face is framed by an elaborate hairstyle of finely structured parallel plaits held by a ribbon over the centre of the forehead.
Much information on theatre masks and costumes is contained in a Greek lexicon (dictionary) compiled by the writer Pollux (lived about AD 170). Sometimes this allows us to identify surviving representations as specific characters.
It is unlikely that this mask was actually worn by an actor. Terracottas of this kind were often found as offerings in sanctuaries or tombs.
R. Green and E. Handley, Images of the Greek theatre (London, The British Museum Press, 1995)
H.B. Walters, Catalogue of the terracottas-1 (London, Trustees of the British Museum, 1903)