Height: 31.500 inches
Width: 22.000 inches
GR 1865.1-1.3 (Sculpture 629)
Room 69: Greek and Roman life
Marble relief of Jason the physician and patient
Roman, 2nd century AD
From Athens, Greece
Greek medicine continued to thrive under the Roman Empire. This relief shows Jason seated on a cushioned stool, bearded and draped in the manner of a philosopher. He examines a patient, who appears to be a child, prematurely aged and with an unnaturally enlarged stomach. To the right is an egg-shaped object resembling a cupping vessel, which when heated could be used to draw blood or pus from a wound. If it is intended to be a cupping-vessel, then the scale exaggerates the actual size.
In translation the inscription reads: 'Jason, also known as Decimus, of the Archarnian deme [an administrative division of Athens] a physician . . .'. It then goes on to mention other members of his family.
The top of the relief is worked into a series of mock architectural antefixes (roof decorations).
I. Jenkins, Greek and Roman life (London, The British Museum Press, 1986)