Height: 35.300 cm (with lid)
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Bronze container for cosmetic items
Praenestine, 3rd century BC
Said to have been found at Palestrina (ancient Praeneste), Lazio
Charles Townley's cista mystica
This bronze container became known as the cista mystica or 'casket used in the mysteries'. Its owner, the collector Charles Townley (1753-1805), thought that the scenes engraved on it indicated that such boxes were used in the Mysteries of Dionysos and the Eleusinian Mysteries, partly because of a snake shown in a basket. In fact it is simply a container for cosmetic articles.
It was said to have been found with two bronze vessels, a bowl, ladle, knife, pair of cymbals, mirror, pair of bracelets, spoon, incense burner and a figure of a warrior. The group was acquired by James Byres, Scottish architect and antiquarian (resident in Rome 1750-1790) from a silversmith who claimed that they had been found by a peasant on the site of the Temple of Fortuna Primigenia at Palestrina. However, they are in fact of different dates and probably from one or more tombs. Various alterations and additions had been made to the objects, perhaps by the silversmith. Byres sold them to Townley from whom they passed to the British Museum in 1814 (apart from one of the vessels, see GR 1824.4-89.5).
The feet of the vessel are formed of lion's paws surmounted by crouching lions, and there was originally a chain hung from a row of discs around the middle. The scenes around the vessel have not been identified with certainty: suggestions include the death of Astyanax, the death of Neoptolemos, or the sacrifice of Iphigenia.
H.B. Walters, Catalogue of bronzes, Greek, R (London, 1899)
J. Swaddling, Etruscan Mirrors - Great Brita (London, British Museum Press, 2001)
D.M. Bailey, 'Charles Townley's cista mistica' in Italian Iron Age artefacts i-3, Papers of the Sixth British Museum Classical Colloquium 1982 (British Museum Publications Ltd, 1986), pp.131-41