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Silver decadrachm of Syracuse

Silver coin From Syracuse, Sicily, 413 BC

 

Weight: 43.360 g
Diameter: 35.000 mm

CM BMC Syracuse 201

Room 73: Greeks in Italy

    Silver decadrachm of Syracuse

    Greek, around 413 BC
    From Syracuse, Sicily

    A Sicilian-Greek coin signed by the artist

    Among the finest of all Sicilian coins are those of the city of Syracuse. The people of Syracuse were Greek, and they followed the East Greek coinage tradition. Some of the artists of Syracuse took great pride in the dies that they cut, and engraved them with their own names or initials. Among several known masters was one called Kimon. The first two letters of his name (KI) can be seen engraved on the headband of Arethusa on the reverse of his coins.

    On the obverse (front) of this coin a man is shown driving a four horse racing-chariot (quadriga) and being crowned by Nike, the goddess of Victory. Beneath this scene is depicted a panoply of armour, with the word ATHLA ('prizes' or 'spoils') engraved above it. These coins have often been interpreted as presentation pieces struck in commemoration of the Syracusan victory over the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War in 413 BC.

    G.K. Jenkins, Ancient Greek coins (London, Seaby, 1990)

    G.K. Jenkins, Coins of Greek Sicily (London, The British Museum Press, 1976)

    E. Boehringer, Die Münzen von Syrakus (Berlin, W. de Gruyter & co., 1929)

    I.A. Carradice, Greek coins (London, The British Museum Press, 1996)

    C.M. Kraay, Archaic and Classical Greek co (London, Methuen, 1976)

    I.A. Carradice and M.J. Price, Coinage in the Greek world (London, Seaby, 1988)

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    On display: Room 73: Greeks in Italy

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