Height: 454.000 mm
Width: 3480.000 mm
Purchased with the aid of the Hahn Kwang-ho Purchase Fund for Korean Art
Asia OA 1997.07-20.1
Yun Baek-ha (Yun Sun), a calligraphic handscroll
Choson dynasty, 18th century AD
Part of the Buddhist Suranga Sūtra
Calligraphy has always been regarded as one of the highest forms of art in East Asia. Poetry, calligraphy and painting were known as the 'Three Treasures' and upheld as virtuous activities for the scholar.
During the eighteenth century, calligraphy was dominated by Yun Sun (1680-1741) and his pupil Yi Kwang-sa. They both worked mostly in the style of the Chinese calligrapher Wang Xizhi (321 BC - AD 79). The calligraphy on this handscroll is a Buddhist sūtra. The fact that a Confucian scholar wrote out a Buddhist sūtra reflects the fact that Buddhism had survived despite the official disapproval of Buddhism by orthodox Confucians throughout the Choson period (1392-1910)
At the end of
the scroll, on the left-hand side, is a
This handscroll is an extremely valuable example of Korean calligraphy; there is even evidence that it belonged to the Choson royal family, in the partially-obliterated seal at the top right corner.
J. Portal, Korea - art and archaeology (London, The British Museum Press, 2000)