Height: 573.000 mm
Width: 884.000 mm
William Anderson Collection
Asia JA JP ADD1955 (1881.12-10.0815)
Suminoe Buzen, Mt Fuji and Shiraito Falls, a hanging scroll painting
Mid-Edo period, late 18th century AD
Beneath Mt. Fuji, the most famous and celebrated mountain in Japan, is shown the well-known beauty spot, Shiraito Falls. The name means 'white threads', which is exactly how Buzen has painted them. The trees across the centre of the painting, which divide the composition horizontally, look more like individual leaves, with the trunks and branches forming veins.
The most noticeable feature of this painting is its relationship with other craft processes. Buzen (1734-1806) was experienced in engraving; here the generally muted tones, and the central trees and rocks below in particular, are reminiscent of imported Western copper-plate etchings. Buzen had studied painting with Tsukioka Settei (1710-86), but he was an original painter who stood outside of any school. Here he does not seem to be concerned with the possibilities of brush and ink effects, and has rejected the use of applied white pigment for the cascading water.
The signature reads ‘Yūzen hitsu; Buzen sha' ('From the brush of Yūzen, copied by Buzen') and the seal reads 'Dōkan' (one of the artist's art names). It is not known if this Yūzen is the same figure as Miyazaki Yūzen (died 1758), who perfected a revolutionary technique for dyeing pictures into cloth in the early eighteenth century.
I. Hirayama and T. Kobayashi (eds.), Hizō Nihon bijutsu taikan-1, vol. 2 (Tokyo, Kodansha, 1992)
T. Clark, 100 views of Mount Fuji (London, The British Museum Press, 2001)