Shadow puppet

From Java, Indonesia
19th century AD

The loyal but cruel giant Kumbakarna

The colours and designs of Javanese shadow puppets are all clues to help identify the character. Here, the reddish-pink colour of Kumbakarna's face is an indication of his ruthlessness, while the tusks in the corner of his mouth suggest that he is a giant or a monster. However, he also has positive characteristics, such as his loyalty to his brother, which are brought out in the performance.

Kumbakarna is the giant brother of Dasamuka, called Rahwana in the Indian version of the tale of the Ramayana. He is Rama's enemy: having captured Rama's wife, Sita, Dasamuka faces the onslaught of Rama aided by Hanuman and his army. Although Kumbakarna advises him to free Sita, Dasamuka refuses and the two brothers die in the battle against Rama and his allies.

The earliest references to shadow puppets in Java are by court poets in the eleventh century. Performances today are very popular and stories are drawn partly from Javanese sources and partly from Indian epics (the Mahabharata and Ramayana). It is a form of entertainment most often sponsored to celebrate a particular event, such as marriage, or as part of ceremonies. The puppeteer is not simply a performer, but also a ritual specialist because of the beneficial influence that the performance of shadow plays is believed to have on the well-being of the community.

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More information

Bibliography

J. Scott-Kemball, Javanese shadow puppets (London, The British Museum Press, 1970)

N. Barley (ed.), The golden sword: Stamford Raf (London, The British Museum Press, 1999)

W. Keeler, Javanese shadow plays, Javanes (Princeton University Press, 1987)

Dimensions

Height: 66.000 cm

Museum number

As1859,1228.547

EAS866

Collected by Sir Stamford Raffles

Location

Find in the collection online



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