Height: 36.800 cm
Width: 33.000 cm
Gift of Capt. Raymond Johns
Asia OA 1957.11-21.1
Room 33: Asia
Copper plate with inscription
Found near Barrackpur in Eastern
Sena dynasty, probably AD 1159
A land grant with a genealogy of the Sena dynasty
The royal seal of the Sena dynasty, a ten-armed
figure of the god
It was customary for all sections of society of make offerings to the priestly caste of brahmins either as a pious gesture or in return for their services in performing various rituals. Each individual made an offering in accordance with his station, and royalty usually bestowed grants of land to be enjoyed by the brahmin and his family. These royal grants were recorded on metal-plate inscriptions like these from ancient times from all over India, and have proved invaluable in reconstructing the early political history of India.
Dr G.A. Schumacher bought this important historical document for its weight in copper in around 1905 in a small village near the cantonment of Barrackpur, 24-Parganas District, West Bengal.
N.G. Majumdar (ed.), Inscriptions of Bengal, vol. 3 (Rajshahi, Bengal, Varendra Research Society, 1929)
B.M. Morrison, Political centers and cultural (Tucson, University of Arizona Press, 1970)