Vessel in the form of a digging stick
Peru, 15th-16th century
This rare ceremonial object is based on the chaquitaclla – the traditional Andean foot plough.
Each year, the Inca King as ruler of Tahuantinsuyu – or the Empire of the four Quarters – would be accompanied by provincial lords in the ‘opening of the earth’ ritual to signal the beginning of the agricultural cycle.
Wielding large foot ploughs, they would break the ground in unison accompanied by chanting, singing and drinking to mark chacra yapuy quilla, the festival of the first planting.
The paccha itself is hollow and has an opening at the top enabling chicha, which is a fermented maize beer, to be poured in at one end before escaping through a narrow hole at the tip to symbolically irrigate and inseminate the earth.