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Bone barking tool

 

Length: 21.000 cm

Probably the gift of Hugh Cuming

AOA Ethno Q79.Am27

Africa, Oceania, Americas

    Bone barking tool

    Selk'nam (Ona), 19th century AD
    From Tierra del Fuego

    Wood working tool

    Vast forests of the southern beech tree (Nothofagus betuloides) dominate the environment in the west of Tierra del Fuego ('Land of Fire'), a group of islands off the extreme south of South America. The wood and bark of the beech offered essential resources for local people, who showed great ingenuity in exploiting them to make huts, canoes, vessels, weapons and walkways through the forest.

    This tool is made from the leg bone of a guanaco (Lama guanicoe, a small camelid). It was used as a wedge by women to remove bark from trees. The sharp end would have been used to work loose sheets of bark or to fashion the wood itself.

    The British Museum has a number of Fuegian objects that have been manufactured from different types of bark, including bark buckets and a model canoe.

    C. McEwan, L.A. Borrero and A Prieto (eds), Patagonia: natural history, pr (London, The British Museum Press, 1997)

    S.K. Lothrop, 'The Indians of Tierra del Fuego' in Contributions from the Museum, Vol. X (New York, Heye Foundation, 1928)

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