Length: 58.500 cm
Width: 35.500 cm (frame)
Ancient Egypt and Sudan
Papyrus marriage contract between the priest Pagosh and Teteimhotep
Ptolemaic Period, 172 BC
Marriage contracts were first recorded in the Late Period (661-332 BC), and continued until the first century AD. They were often drawn up by the husband to establish the rights of both parties to maintenance and possessions. The law did not require a marriage to be recorded.
This example is
At the time that these contracts were drawn up, it was possible for a woman to leave her husband. Reasons for divorce included adultery on either side, failure of the woman to produce an heir, the husband's dislike for his wife or his wish to marry another woman. The wife was entitled to some support from her husband, no matter what the circumstances of the divorce might be. Once divorced, both partners were free to remarry.
M. Stead, Egyptian life (London, The British Museum Press, 1986)