Length: 63.000 cm
Width: 32.000 cm (frame)
Ancient Egypt and Sudan
Papyrus from the Book of the Dead of Ankhwahibre
Late Period, around 500 BC
Showing the main funerary amulets
In the Late Period (661-332 BC), elaborate coffins and large numbers of amulets took over the functions of the decorated tomb and its grave goods. The Book of the Dead included spells which would activate these amulets, including drawings of them in case they were damaged or stolen.
Spells 155 to 160 of the Book of the Dead give the incantations (magical spells) to be said over the most important amulets, all of which were placed at the neck of the mummy for protection. Each spell clearly indicates the material of which the amulet should be made, the type of cord on which it should be suspended, and any associated actions which should be performed. The colour and other properties of the materials symbolized concepts such as endurance, rebirth and regeneration.
column gave the protection of
G. Pinch, Magic in Ancient Egypt (London, The British Museum Press, 1994)