Painted wooden figure of Osiris
From the tomb of Anhai, Akhmin,
Late New Kingdom, around 1090 BC
Standing on a plinth in which was hidden Anhai's Book of the Dead
From the Nineteenth Dynasty (about 1295-1186 BC), figures of Osiris were included in the tombs of the wealthy. The body or the plinth was often hollow, and contained the tomb owner's Book of the Dead, the series of spells which were an essential guide to reaching the Afterlife safely. When the Book of the Dead was first produced, it was placed in the coffin with the mummy of the deceased. It was later concealed within a figure of Osiris, whose protection was thereby ensured.
belonging to Anhai shows Osiris in his usual mummified state,
wearing the characteristic
C.A.R. Andrews, Egyptian mummies (London, The British Museum Press, 1984)