Height: 179.000 cm (EA
Height: 179.000 cm (EA 550)
EA 550;EA 552
Ancient Egypt and Sudan
Limestone pilasters of Horemheb
From Saqqara, Egypt
18th Dynasty, around 1320 BC
Horemheb was one of the most powerful figures in the reign of Tutankhamun (about 1336-1327 BC). He would have supported the general return to the religious practices of the mainstream Eighteenth Dynasty following the interlude of the Amarna Period. He was a general, and, along with many of his important contemporaries, such as the treasurer Maya, chose to be buried in the necropolis (cemetery) of the capital city of Memphis, at Saqqara. The location of the tomb of Horemheb was lost until 1975. When Tutankhamun died childless, another important official, Ay, took the throne. On his death, the throne passed to Horemheb; as king, it was not appropriate that he be buried in Saqqara, and he constructed a tomb instead in the Valley of the Kings.
These pilasters were
placed in the second court of the tomb of Horemheb, punctuating a
series of reliefs. Each bears a hymn of adoration, one to
The reliefs were adjusted once he became king, as a small uraeus (the royal serpent) was carved on the general's brow, marking the change in his status, although there is no evidence that this tomb was used for his burial.
G.T. Martin, The Memphite tomb of Horemheb (London, Egypt Exporation Society, 1989)
R.E. Freed, Y.J. Markowitz and S.H. D'Auria (eds.), Pharaohs of the sun: Akhenaten (London, Thames & Hudson, 1999)