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Faience pectoral

 

Length: 11.000 cm

EA 7853

Ancient Egypt and Sudan

    Faience pectoral

    From Egypt
    New Kingdom, perhaps reign of Ramesses II, around 1250 BC

    A symbol of protection and resurrection

    Pectoral necklaces were laid on the chest of a mummy, and usually bore an image associated with the wish for protection and a successful passing into the next world. They were first used in ancient Egypt by royalty, but by the time of the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC) they were also used by the élite classes.

    This example has two protective images. The wedjat eye represents restoration to heath and thus resurrection. Anubis is the god of embalming and a protector of the deceased; both images are common elements in the decoration of private tombs of the New Kingdom.

    The use of yellow faience is a further reference to resurrection, this time through the rising and rays of the sun.

    F.D. Friedman (ed.), Gifts of the Nile: ancient Egy (London, Thames and Hudson, 1998)

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