Height: 26.000 cm
Acquired in 1880
Ancient Egypt and Sudan
Bronze statuette of Pimay
22nd Dynasty, around 770 BC
Pimay, King of all Egypt?
This statue shows Pimay, a king of Egypt during the Libyan period (about 1069-715 BC). At this time the administration of Egypt became fragmented, with regional rulers styling themselves as great chiefs and kings. Monuments erected by Pimay, and private stela on which he is named as king, have been found only in the Delta and at Memphis, the capital of Lower Egypt during the Early Dynastic period (about 3100-2613 BC) and Old Kingdom (about 2613-2160 BC). This suggests that Pimay was recognized as king only in Lower Egypt. However, this statue shows him wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt and writing on his shoulder names him as king of the unified Egypt.
The concept of Egyptian kingship centred on the understanding that the country, though made up of two parts, was ruled by a single king. Although this was not the case for much of the Libyan period, the various kings ruling during this period maintained the symbolism of dual kingship in representations of themselves.
Some non-royal individuals assumed royal status and were depicted in royal dress and with royal titles on their own monuments. The high priest of Amun at Thebes was shown offering to the gods, an activity reserved for the king.
C. Zeigler, Tanis, lOr des Pharaons (Paris, Association francaise d'action artistique, 1987)
E.R. Russmann, Eternal Egypt: masterworks of (University of California Press, 2001)
S. Quirke and A.J. Spencer, The British Museum book of anc (London, The British Museum Press, 1992)