Height: 8.900 cm
Diameter: 6.000 cm
Gift of Oxford University
Room 65: Sudan, Egypt & Nubia
Black polished incised ware cup
From Cemetery 2 at Faras,
Late C-Group Culture, 1700-1500 BC
Cup decorated in a geometric pattern
The handmade pottery produced by C-Group craftsmen is highly distinctive. Although some forms are comparable to Egyptian types of the same period, others are quite different. These show a strong African influence.
This cup has features characteristic of the African-influenced group known as 'polished incised ware'. The cup has a round bottom and is bowl-shaped, though it is small enough to be considered a cup. Vessels of this shape were probably designed to hold food and drink. The African influence is shown most clearly in the cup's decoration. The exterior is incised with diamonds filled in with cross hatching, perhaps derived from designs used in basket work. Other motifs include herringbone patterns and other geometric shapes of smooth and incised areas.
The incised decoration was applied to the pot before the clay was dry. The vessel was fired to leave a black or sometimes a red finish, which was highly polished. Finally, white pigment was rubbed into the incisions to make the pattern stand out. The remains of the white pigment can be seen in some areas on this cup, but most is now lost.
S. Quirke and A.J. Spencer, The British Museum book of anc (London, The British Museum Press, 1992)