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Sety I, King of Egypt (1294-1279 BC)

Like his father (Ramesses I) before him, Sety I held the titles of vizier and army general before he ascended the throne. He was co-regent with his father for most of the latter's short reign. This was perhaps to avoid the succession problems that led to the accession of Ramesses I as founder of the Nineteenth Dynasty. From the beginning of his reign, Sety I led a series of campaigns into Syria. These are commemorated on the outside of the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak. He also led expeditions against the Libyans and Hittites.

At home, Sety I carried out an extensive building programme, including the hypostyle hall at Karnak and a great temple at Abydos. Both these projects were finished by his son, Ramesses II. The temple at Abydos is unusual in having seven shrines, rather than one. It also contains the Abydos list of kings, from which Hatshepsut and the Amarna period kings are excluded. The decoration of the temples and tomb of Sety I, as well as his statuary, is characterised by its extremely fine and delicate work.

The tomb of Sety I is located in the Valley of the Kings, and his mummy was found in the Deir el-Bahari cache and is now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo.