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Hunefer, an ancient Egyptian official

Hunefer and his wife Nasha lived during the Nineteenth Dynasty, in around 1310 BC. Like Any, he was a 'Royal Scribe' and 'Scribe of Divine Offerings'. He was also 'Overseer of Royal Cattle', and steward of King Sety I. These titles indicate that he held prominent administrative offices, and would have been close to the king. The location of his tomb is not known, but he may have been buried at Memphis.

Hunefer's high status is reflected in the fine quality of his Book of the Dead, which was specially produced for him. This, and a Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure, inside which the papyrus was found, are the only objects which can be ascribed to Hunefer. The papyrus of Hunefer is characterised by its good state of preservation and the large, and clear vignettes (illustrations) are beautifully drawn and painted. The vignette illustrating the 'Opening of the Mouth' ritual is one of the most famous pieces of papyrus in The British Museum collection, and gives a great deal of information about this part of the funeral.

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