- Room 6: Assyrian sculpture
- Room 7-8: Assyria: Nimrud
- Room 9: Assyria: Nineveh
- Room 10: Assyria: Lion hunts
- Room 10b: Assyria: Siege of La
- Room 10c: Assyria: Khorsabad
- Room 34: The Islamic world
- Room 52: Ancient Iran
- Room 53: Ancient South Arabia
- Room 54: Anatolia and Urartu
- Room 55: Mesopotamia
- Room 56: Mesopotamia
- Room 57-59: Ancient Levant
Mesopotamia 1500–539 BC (Room 55)
The Raymond and Beverly Sackler Gallery
The civilisations of Babylonia and Assyria flourished during the first millennium BC. Political developments resulted in the incorporation of the entire Near East into a single empire, while increased international contact and trade influenced the material culture of the region.
Map of the world, 700-500 BC
The Flood Tablet, relating part of the Epic of Gilgamesh, 7th century BC
The Dying Lion, a stone panel from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal, around 645 BC
Cuneiform tablet with part of the Babylonian Chronicle, 605-594 BC
Room 55 traces the history of Babylonia under the Kassites and the growth of the Babylonian state and empire until it was taken over by the Persian King Cyrus in 539 BC.
“Boundary Stones” carved with images of kings and symbols of the gods record royal land grants. The development of the Assyrian state and empire, until its fall in 612 BC, is illustrated by objects excavated in its palaces. Mesopotamia’s highly-developed literature and learning are demonstrated by clay tablets from the library of King Assurbanipal (668-631 BC) at Nineveh, written in cuneiform script.