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Mausoleum of Halikarnassos (Room 21)

Around 350 BC

The Mausoleum at Halikarnassos (modern Bodrum) was a large and elaborate tomb built for king Maussollos of Karia, south west Turkey. Although built on a much grander scale, the Mausoleum took inspiration for its design from the Nereid Monument of Lycian Xanthos. Listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, it gave its name to all subsequent monumental tombs.

Standing on a tall podium, the building was up to 40 metres in height and was decorated with a large amount of sculpture, carved both in the round and in relief. The sculptural themes explored life in the court of the Karian king and his hopes for the afterlife.

Colossal free-standing statues and marble relief slabs from the Mausoleum can be seen in Room 21, as well as fragments of the huge marble, four-horse chariot that crowned the pyramid roof.

 

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