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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Early Egypt
The Raymond and Beverly Sackler Gallery
Room 64

3100 – 2600 BC

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Rapid advances in the technology and social organisation of Egypt during the fifth millennium BC produced a material culture of increasing sophistication.

Further innovations followed in about 3100 BC when the separate Predynastic peoples of upper and lower Egypt were united under a single ruler.

The resulting increase in wealth and strong central control led to dramatic achievements in architecture, writing and fine goods, culminating in the building of the Great Pyramids of Giza in around 2600 BC.

Objects on display illustrate the cultural, technological and political development of early civilisation in Egypt throughout this period.

The Battlefield Palette, around 3150 BC

The Battlefield Palette
Around 3150 BC