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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Ancient lives, new discoveries

22 May – 30 November 2014
Room 5

The British Museum has always sought new ways to explore its collection, using the latest scientific techniques to shed new light on ancient cultures. This ground-breaking, interactive exhibition will showcase recent research on one of the most-popular areas of the collection – ancient Egyptian and Sudanese mummified remains or ‘mummies’.‘Ancient lives, new discoveries’, sponsored by Julius Baer with support from our technology partner Samsung uses state-of-the-art technology to allow visitors to virtually explore inside mummy cases and examine the bodies underneath the wrappings, bringing us face to face with eight people who lived in the Nile Valley thousands of years ago.

The Museum is known for its innovative research and use of cutting-edge visualisation in this field. The first mummy entered the Museum’s collection in 1756, but for the past 200 years none of the mummies have been unwrapped, so technology has been critical to improving our understanding of ancient cultures. A full x-ray survey of the mummies in the 1960s was followed in the 1990s by the pioneering use of hospital CT scanners.

Now innovative advances in medical science and engineering technology can be applied to the study of ancient human remains. The most recent scans undertaken have used the new generation of medical CT scanners, capable of producing data of unprecedented high resolution. The transformation of this data into 3D visualisations has been achieved with volume graphics software usually used in other fields such as car engineering. Visitors will be able to view and interact with this data to discover details of the lives of these individuals.

The exhibition is structured around eight mummies which have been the focus of recent scientific investigation. Visitors will encounter each mummy with accompanying large-screen visualisations which journey into the body, through the intact wrappings to reveal the mummified remains, skeleton and the secrets of mummification. The digital displays, some of them interactive, will also focus on newly discovered aspects revealed by the scans.

The mummies selected cover a time-span of over 4000 years, from the Predynastic period to the Christian era, from sites in Egypt and the Sudan. The emphasis will be on revealing different aspects of living and dying in the ancient Nile Valley through these eight individuals and also through contextual objects from the collection such as amulets, canopic jars, musical instruments and items of food. Mummification was used by people at different levels of society and was not just the preserve of pharaohs.

The eight individuals who will feature include:

An adult male villager from Gebelein who has been naturally preserved by the hot arid sand in the Predynastic period (c4400-3100 BC), before the time of the pharaohs.

An adult male from Thebes mummified c600BC. The CT data reveals details of the process that has been applied to preserve this body – the brain and the internal organs have been removed, and the soft tissues are in good condition. A specially designed visualisation will show the man’s head on three sides of a large cube screen. His teeth were in a poor state and a 3D replica of his lower mandible –based on the scan data - will show two large dental abscesses.

A female adult temple singer from Thebes, mummified c900BC, whose body reflects the highest level of mummification available at its period. This elite burial involved the ritual placement of amulets and other magical trappings on the body. An interactive digital visualisation will allow visitors to examine the ornaments revealed by CT scans. The CT scan data was also used to print 3D replicas of the amulets. She may also have suffered from cardiovascular disease as the arteries in her legs are covered in calcified plaque, a condition called atherosclerosis.

A temple doorkeeper from Thebes, adult male, c700BC. CT scanning reveals that in preparation for this burial the head was detached from the body, and crudely held in position with wooden poles. This unorthodox mummification contravened the special emphasis placed in texts such as the Book of the Dead on ensuring the physical integrity of the corpse.

A child temple singer embalmed at 7 or 8 years of age, c800BC.Embalming was unusual for someone so young. The accompanying digital visualisation reveals developing teeth and well-preserved long hair. Also displayed are musical instruments such as a harp and bone clappers, as well as objects associated with hair and grooming, including a very rare wig.

An unknown man of high status, c1st-3rd centuries AD, mummified in distinctive manner, with arms, legs, fingers and toes separately wrapped, facial features painted on the wrappings, natural hair left uncovered, small fragments of gold leaf still preserved on the external surface, and decorative trappings added externally. The interactive visualisation shows the mummy being gradually unwrapped.

A 2 to3 year old male child from the Roman era, c1st Century AD, positioned with his head tilted forward, characteristic of the Roman period. Objects relating to childhood, such as a toy horse, are also displayed.

A Sudanese female villager from a medieval Christian community, c700AD, whose body was naturally mummified in the unique environmental conditions in the Nile valley. The analysis of this mummy has revealed the use of Christian imagery in a tattoo found on the inner thigh, representing a monogram of the Archangel Michael, patron saint of the Sudan.

Neil MacGregor, Director of the British Museum said: “This new technology is truly ground-breaking, allowing us to reconstruct and understand the lives of these eight, very different, individuals. This is a project which has only been made possible through recent technological advances and I am delighted that the Musuem is at the forefront of this kind of research and presentation. I am hugely grateful to both Julius Baer and to Samsung for enabling us to mount such an ambitious and important exhibition”.

Adam Horowitz, Head of United Kingdom Domestic, Julius Baer International Limited, said:“Continuing our long tradition as a supporter of arts and culture, Julius Baer is proud to extend its partnership with the British Museum to sponsor the exhibition ‘Ancient lives, new discoveries’. As the leading private banking group in Switzerland, which incorporates a large footprint in the UK, we value this opportunity to share in such a significant cross-cultural experience, which features innovative research and cutting-edge visualisation, and also to underline our local commitment.”

Andy Griffiths, President, Samsung UK & Ireland, said: "This exciting new exhibition is a great example of how the British Museum is at the forefront of innovating digital learning and we are proud to be the technology partner in support of this. At Samsung, we believe that technology can be used to help enhance learning potential and this is why we will continue to work closely with the British Museum on projects such as this, as well as encouraging young people to find out more about these exhibitions through the Samsung Digital Discovery Centre.”

Notes to editors:

The exhibition will open on the 22nd May – 30th November 2014 in Room 5. Tickets are on sale from www.britishmuseum.org/ancientlives #8mummies

Children under 16 go free

An accompanying publication Ancient Lives, new discoveries: Eight mummies, eight stories, by John H. Taylor and Daniel Antoine, is published in May 2014 by British Museum Press. Paperback, £19.99.

For further information and images please contact the Press Office on 020 7323 8394 / 8522 or communications@britishmuseum.org

High resolution images and caption sheet available www.dropbox.com/sh/8818wld3a75m9dy/O5jlGA9hXT?m=

For public information please print britishmuseum.org or 020 7323 8181

About Julius Baer

Julius Baer is the leading Swiss private banking group with a focus on servicing and advising sophisticated private clients and a premium brand in global wealth management. Julius Baer’s total client assets amounted to CHF 348 billion at the end of 2013, including CHF 254 billion of assets under management. Bank Julius Baer & Co. Ltd., the renowned Swiss private bank with origins dating back to 1890, is the principal operating company of Julius Baer Group Ltd., whose shares are listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange (ticker symbol: BAER) and form part of the Swiss Market Index (SMI), comprising the 20 largest and most liquid Swiss stocks.

Julius Baer is currently integrating Merrill Lynch’s International Wealth Management business outside the US. This will increase the Group’s presence to more than 25 countries and 50 locations. Headquartered in Zurich, we have offices in key locations including Dubai, Frankfurt, Geneva, Hong Kong, London, Lugano, Monaco, Montevideo, Moscow, Singapore and Tokyo.

For more information visit our website at www.juliusbaer.com

About Julius Baer’s cultural commitment

Julius Baer has been actively committed to the field of culture for generations. By constantly building up an art collection and by establishing the Julius Baer Foundation, which plays a role in the arts and youth development, the basis was created for a long-term social commitment. Nowadays Julius Baer is a sponsor of several cultural projects.

Current partnerships include: Lucerne Festival at the Piano; Verbier Festival; International Opera Studio, Zurich Opera House; Orpheum Foundation for the Advancement of Young Soloists in Zurich (all in Switzerland); Städel Museum in Frankfurt; the British Museum exhibition ‘Ancient lives, new discoveries’; the National Theatre production ‘King Lear’ (all in London) as well as the Sovereign Asian Art Prize in Hong Kong.

Through these commitments the Bank contributes to making cultural diversity accessible to a wider public.

For more information visit our website at www.juliusbaer.com/sponsoring

About Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. is a global leader in technology, opening new possibilities for people everywhere. Through relentless innovation and discovery, we are transforming the worlds of televisions, smartphones, personal computers, printers, cameras, home appliances, LTE systems, medical devices, semiconductors and LED solutions. We employ 286,000 people across 79 countries with annual sales of US$187.8 billion. To discover more, please visit www.samsung.com