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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Giulia Bartrum

Assistant Keeper
German Prints and Drawings Department: Prints and Drawings


Curator of German prints and drawings, 1400 - 1900. Coordinator between departments of research into provenance history during the Nazi era (1933-45) of objects held in the British Museum collections.


+44 (0)20 7323 8301

Current projects

  • Research and entry of information on early German prints and drawings for the Museum’s database

  • Research on German Romantic prints and drawings

Previous projects

Recent publications

G. Bartrum (ed.), German Romantic prints and drawings from an English private collection (London, Contemporary Editions, 2011)

G. Bartrum (ed.), Hollstein German Engravings, Etchings and Woodcuts, 1450 – 1700 (Rotterdam, Sound & Vision Interactive, since 1997; current editor of volumes on Wenceslaus Hollar for New Hollstein German, 2010)

G. Bartrum, Albrecht Dürer and his Legacy (London, British Museum Press, 2002)

G. Bartrum, The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come (London, British Museum Press, 1999) pp.125-202

G. Bartrum, German Renaissance Prints (London, British Museum Press, 1995)