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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Jonathan Williams

Director of Collections



In 2012 Jonathan become Director of Collections, with overall responsibility for the Museum’s collection and research.

In 2006-7, he co-ordinated the Museum’s international strategy. In 2007, he became Keeper of the Department of Prehistory and Europe.

From 1993 to 2005, Jonathan was curator of Iron Age and Roman coins in the Department of Coins and Medals at the British Museum, with particular focuses on Roman Republican coins and history and the cultural interface between Romans and Britons in late pre-conquest Britain.

External fellowships/ honorary positions

Recent publications

J. Williams, Beyond the Rubicon. Gauls and Romans in Republican Italy (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2001).

J. Williams, Money, A History, ed., with J. Cribb and E. Errington (London, British Museum Press 1997; also published in USA, and in Korean, Japanese, Greek, Hungarian and Polish translations; 2nd UK and US edn, ed. with C. Eagleton, 2007).

J. Williams, 'Indigenous voices, archaeology and the issue of repatriation', in B.W. Cunliffe, C. Gosden and R.A. Joyce (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2009), pp. 1001-28.

J. Williams, ‘New light on Latin in pre-conquest Britain’ Britannia 38 (2007), pp. 1-12.

J. Williams, ‘Coin-inscriptions and the origins of writing in pre-Roman Britain’ British Numismatic Journal 71 (2001), pp. 1-17.

J. Williams, LEGES ET IVRA P R RESTITVIT: a new aureus of Octavian and the settlement of 28-27 B.C.’ with J.W. Rich, Numismatic Chronicle 159 (1999), pp. 169-213.