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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Philippa Ryan


+44 (0)20 7323 8797


Philippa Ryan is responsible for the analysis of charred and desiccated macrobotanical remains, as well as phytoliths (microbotanical remains) from the site of Amara West, a Leverhulme Trust funded position that is part of the ‘Health and diet in occupied Nubia through political and climate change’ project.

Philippa recently completed her PhD at the Institute of Archaeology, UCL, entitled the ‘Diversity of plant and land use during the Near Eastern Neolithic, phytolith perspectives from Çatalhöyük’ (2010). Philippa has also worked as a phytolith analyst for projects based in Mali (Timbuktu Expedition Project), Turkmenistan (Monjukli Depe), and Italy (Ancient Stabiae Garden Project at the Villa Arianna).

Current projects

Previous projects

  • Hierakonpolis: phytolith analysis of gut contents from an animal cemetery

Honorary positions

  • Honorary Research Associate at the Institute of Archaeology,
    University College London


Ryan P, Plants as material culture in the Near Eastern Neolithic: Perspectives from the silica skeleton artifactual remains at Çatalhöyük. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology volume 30 issue 3 (2011), 292-305. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2011.06.002

Ryan P, Weisskopf A, and Rosen SA, Sediments and Microartifacts from the Camel Site. In SA Rosen (Ed) An investigation into early desert pastoralism excavations at the camel site, Negev, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press at UCLA, Los Angeles (2011), 155-166.

Ryan, P. (2010) Final Meals part 2: a micro view of animal diets at Hierakonpolis, Nekhen News volume 22 (2010), 10-11.

Ryan, P. The Phytoliths, Çatalhöyük Archive Report 2010. www.catalhoyuk.com/archive_reports (2010), 69.

Ryan, P. The Phytoliths, Çatalhöyük Archive Report 2009. www.catalhoyuk.com/archive_reports (2009), 82-83.

Ryan, P. The Phytoliths, Çatalhöyük Archive Report 2008. www.catalhoyuk.com/archive_reports (2008), 174-181.

Ryan, P. The Phytoliths, Çatalhöyük Archive Report 2007. www.catalhoyuk.com/archive_reports (2007), 209-213.

Ryan, P. and Rosen, A. The Phytoliths, Çatalhöyük Archive Report 2006. www.catalhoyuk.com/archive_reports (2006), 147-152.